More than 75% of all women will develop a yeast infection sometimes in their lives
A yeast infection occurs when the C albicans in the vagina changes causing a overgrowth of yeast, which can cause a vaginal infection, irritation, odor, discharge, and itching. However, studies show that 20 to 50% of women carry yeast in the vagina and do not develop any symptoms.
The vagina has certain types of bacteria that keeps Calbicans from overgrowing out of control. If there is a imbalance the microorganisms, C albicans may grow out of control and lead to symptoms. It can be caused by certain medications, including antibiotics, hormonal changes, and certain types of disease.
Although a yeast infection is not considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD) yet, 12 to 15% of men do develop symptoms such as itching and penile rash after sexual contact with a partner.
A vaginal yeast infection is not considered serious and can be treated with medication. But it can also be a underlying cause for a more serious condition, it left untreated it can lead to serious complications.
Causes of Vagina Yeast Infection
When the microorganism of the vagina is off balance and fungus candida is allowed to grow a yeast infection can develop. Below are some examples that can cause microorganisms to live in the vagina.
- Tight underwear: or material other than cotton
- Hormonal changes: For examples, ovulation, menopause, pregnancy, birth control pills, or hormone therapy
- Douching or use of feminine sprays
- Antibiotic Use: Have been known to cause a imbalance in the vagina
- Use of steroid
- Deodorant feminine spray, sanitary pads, tampon, or bubble bath
- Diabetes: The glycogen levels stores in certain cells are lowered. The disease may raise the sugar-content (and pH) of the vagina. The increase may cause a yeast infection.
- Scratches or wounds in the vagina (for example from the use of tampon)
- Impaired Immune System
- Redness and swelling of the vulva
- Vaginal pain and soreness
- Thick, white, odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance
- Painful or burning urination
- Intense itching and burning in the vagina and vulva area
A yeast infection is not a life threatening condition, but a woman should see her doctor to rule out, a more serious infection or disease. Women with the following symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection should see a doctor as soon as possible:
- Foul smelling vaginal discharge
- Vaginal discharge that lasts more than a week
- bloody discharge
- frequent urination
- stomach and back pain
Majority of women can be treated with over the counter medications. Women should first check with their doctor to confirm proper treatment. Oral and topical (applied locally) medications are both effective. The doctor may prescribe. (Gyme-Lotrim) Monistat, Terazol 3, or Diflucan (is the most common oral medication)
In some cases, a single dose of medication has been known to clear up yeast infection.
Prevention of Vaginal Yeast Infection
Below are some helpful tips and guidelines that women can use to help prevent developing a yeast infection.
- Wipe the vaginal area from front to back, after using the toilet
- Keep the vagina area dry, especially after a shower
- Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear
- Change out a wet bathing suit after swimming
- Do not use douches or feminine hygiene products
- Do not use deodorant tampon.
For more information on Vaginal Yeast Infection visit the websites for more information:
Mayo Clinic: www.mayoclinic.org
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